The once exotic peanuts are familiar to everyone today. Its homeland is Peru, from where it spread to Africa, Asia and some countries of southern Europe. A small nut belonging to the legume family contains vitamins and minerals that positively affect vision, cardiovascular, and other human systems. However, in some cases, its use is to limit or exclude. Let's try to figure out whether peanuts are always beneficial in diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disease affecting the pancreas. Improper nutrition, heredity, internal infections, nervous overstrain provoke dysfunction of beta cells, which produce insulin (a hormone that regulates metabolic processes). As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood rises, which affects health.
There are several types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes. This type of disease occurs in young people due to the destruction of pancreatic cells. Such patients are called insulin-dependent. They are forced to make hormone replacement injections for life.
- Type 2 diabetes develops most often in mature and elderly patients with obesity. The pancreas produces insulin, but in insufficient quantities.
- Other species are less common. It is pregnant hepatitis, disorders of the pancreas due to lack of nutrition or autoimmune diseases.
People with diabetes must adhere to a special diet, limiting foods with a high glycemic index.
Can peanuts harm diabetics?
Peanuts can be included in the diet with diabetes mellitus with some restrictions.
This is primarily due to its high calorie content (more than 500 kcal per 100 grams). That is why patients should eat no more than 50-60 grams of these nuts per day.
Peanuts contain many nutrients, but diabetics should be used carefully, as the product is very calorie.
Secondly, peanut is a very allergenic product, it can cause severe reactions, rarely, but still anaphylactic shock is recorded.
Thirdly, peanuts contain omega-9 (erucic acid). The substance is long removed from human blood, and at high concentrations causes disruption of the heart and liver, slows the development of the reproductive system in adolescents.
How is peanuts useful for diabetics?
Patients with diabetes are allowed to eat peanuts. Its benefits in this type of disease are due to its low carbohydrate composition. 100 grams of the product contains:
- 10 grams of carbohydrates;
- 26 grams of protein;
- 45 grams of fat.
The remainder consists of dietary fiber and water. The nut contains almost all the vitamins and minerals, many amino acids.
It is important for diabetics to ensure that the amount of this product does not exceed 50 grams per day.
The value of peanuts as a food product in diabetes mellitus is as follows:
- immunity strengthening;
- normalization of the bowels;
- removal of accumulated toxins from the body;
- improved cell regeneration;
- acceleration of metabolism;
- lowering blood pressure and normalization of the heart;
- beneficial effects on the nervous system.
What kind of eat peanuts?
All over the world it is accepted to eat peanuts in a fried form. This not only improves the palatability, but also increases the amount of antioxidants in fruits. People who suffer from diabetes are advised to eat raw nuts. Choose a product carefully. It must be untreated and have a pleasant smell.
A diabetic patient who decides to add peanuts to their diet should do so gradually. You need to start with a few fruits. If this is not reflected in the state of health, gradually increase the portion. You can eat peanuts in their pure form (as a snack), or add it to salads or main dishes.
Peanuts in moderation will benefit diabetic patients. It speeds up metabolic processes and reduces the level of sugar.