Patients with type 2 diabetes are forced to change their lifestyle. This is the only way to reduce the likelihood of complications. Many of those who are faced with endocrine disorders, consider cottage cheese safe for health. But is this true, you need to find out.
Cottage cheese is obtained by coagulation of protein found in milk. Weight Watchers choose low-fat types of this product. But diabetics need to focus on other indicators.
The composition of the 9% variant includes (per 100 g):
- fats - 9 g;
- proteins - 16.7 g;
- carbohydrates - 2 g
Caloric content is 159 kcal. The glycemic index (GI) is 30. The number of bread units (CU) is 0.25. The lower the fat content, the less calorie the product.
Cottage cheese is necessary for the human body, as it is the source:
- calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium;
- essential amino acids;
- of vitamins B1, AT2, PP, K.
Casein contained in it promotes easy digestion of the product. This protein is an excellent source of energy.
Many diabetics include cottage cheese in the menu, without thinking that there is a significant amount of lactose in it. Milk sugar remains due to partial fermentation of the product. Therefore, patients suffering from endocrine disorders cannot be abused; it is even recommended to add small amounts of fermented milk food to the daily diet.
In case of violation of the process of assimilation of carbohydrates, it is necessary to monitor the flow of sugars in the body. Diet planning will reduce the risk of sudden glucose jumps and minimize the likelihood of complications.
In the composition of the fat-free product there is a large amount of lactose, therefore, preference should be given 2-, 5-, 9% content. In this case, the probability of developing hyperglycemia will be lower. Many doctors advise you to include this product in the diet. After all, it is impossible to overestimate the benefits of fermented milk food.
In case of diabetes mellitus type 2, the use of cottage cheese (due to the insignificant content of carbohydrates and low GI) does not cause sudden jumps in glucose. On the day it is allowed to eat 150-200 g. But this does not apply to curd masses and cheese, they are banned, as they contain a lot of sugar. And as you know, even a small amount of glucose can cause the development of hyperglycemia.
It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of a fermented milk product that is rich in elements necessary for the body, vitamins and fatty acids. When used:
- protein reserves are replenished, which has a positive effect on the immune system;
- pressure normalizes (potassium, magnesium effect);
- bones become stronger;
- reduced weight.
To obtain the required amount of easily digestible protein, it is enough to eat 150 g per day. The intake of proteins for a long time eliminates the feeling of hunger.
Before using a fermented milk product, you must check the expiration date. Spoiled food is a common cause of poisoning. But the harm may even be from a fresh product. People who have been identified intolerance to milk protein, should be completely excluded from the menu dishes, as part of which it is present in any form.
It is necessary to limit the intake of protein foods in case of serious kidney diseases in order to reduce the load on this organ.
Diet of pregnant women
Gynecologists advise future mothers to include cottage cheese in the daily menu. After all, it is a source of easily digestible proteins, which are required for the structure of new cells. It also contains a lot of phosphorus, which stimulates the formation of fetal bone tissue. For the full development of the baby are necessary and amino acids that are present in the curd.
With gestational diabetes, the woman is forced to completely revise the menu. You will have to give up many products, at the use of which the level of glucose rises. Sour milk products do not have to be completely excluded from the diet, but it is desirable to limit its use.
Doctors advise to eat no more than 150 g of cottage cheese for 1 reception. At observance of the specified recommendations the risk of a hyperglycemia is reduced to a minimum.
In identifying diabetes in pregnant women, it is important to carefully monitor the condition of the woman. The diet is designed to eliminate the likelihood of sugar jumps. A high glucose level worsens the patient's well-being, but the fetus suffers most. If for a long time you can not cope with hyperglycemia, the child produces an excess amount of subcutaneous fatty tissue. After birth, this baby has difficulty breathing, hypoglycemia develops.
If it is not possible to normalize the condition with the help of a diet, the patient is prescribed insulin therapy.
Reducing the likelihood of developing diabetes complications can be completely eliminated from the menu of food that causes an increase in the concentration of sugar in the blood. Emphasis should be placed on dishes, which include a small amount of carbohydrates.
Previously, doctors believed that cottage cheese for patients with endocrine disorders is an absolutely safe product. But as a result of observations, it was found that the contained lactose can provoke glucose jumps in the body. Therefore, it is desirable to limit its amount in low-carb diet.
Each patient can independently check how the glucose content changes when using cottage cheese. For this, it is necessary to measure the sugar level on an empty stomach and after the usual portion of the fermented milk product has been eaten. If the concentration of glucose does not increase significantly, for 2 hours, its level is normalized, then you will not have to refuse it.
Recipes for healthy curd dishes
To diversify the menu, patients with diabetes often have to choose a benefit to the detriment of taste, as many get used to sweets. But after such a diagnosis, this should be forgotten. Also it is worth refusing from the recipes, in which it is supposed to use a large amount of flour and semolina.
The most popular dish of cottage cheese are cheesecakes. Diabetics should bake them in the oven on a baking sheet, and not fry them in a pan with butter. For cooking will need:
- 250 g of cottage cheese;
- 1 spoon of cereal "Hercules";
- 1 egg;
- salt and sugar substitute to taste.
Oatmeal should be filled with boiling water and let stand for about 5 minutes, drain the excess liquid and mix thoroughly with all the ingredients. From the resulting dough to form small cakes. They must be baked in the oven for 30-40 minutes at a temperature of 180-200 ° C, laid out on a baking sheet, sprinkled with flour.
Fans of savory dishes can eat fresh cottage cheese with the addition of dill and a small amount of salt. Some advise making casserole with zucchini. For its preparation per 100 g of cottage cheese you will need 300 g of grated vegetables, 1 egg and some flour, salt. Ingredients are mixed and laid out in a baking dish. Preparing the dish for about 40 minutes at 180 degrees.
- State policy of healthy nutrition. Ed. V.A. Tutellan, G.G. Onishchenko. 2009. ISBN 978-5-9704-1314-2;
- Type 2 diabetes. Problems and solutions. Tutorial. Ametov A.S. 2014. ISBN 978-5-9704-2829-0;
- The solution for diabetics from Dr. Bernstein. 2011. ISBN 978-0316182690.