Diabetes mellitus of the first and second types is declared a problem of the 21st century. The fact is that the number of patients increases annually. The root cause of this is improper nutrition, overloaded with quickly digestible carbohydrates and a passive lifestyle. If a person regularly increases blood sugar, then you need to follow a low-carb diet that will help control the concentration of glucose in the blood.
When glucose levels rise regularly, this may indicate a second type of diabetes or pre-diabetes state. The dominant therapy will be a diet developed by an endocrinologist. Doctors make up a balanced menu with products that have a low glycemic index (GI) and low calorie content. This indicator will show the speed with which glucose enters the blood, after consuming a certain product or drink.
Usually, doctors only talk about basic foodstuffs, forgetting to devote time to overseas delicacies, such as persimmon, for example. Below will be considered the question - is it possible to eat persimmon with an elevated sugar content, how much is permissible in the diet, is this fruit capable of raising low glucose levels during hypoglycemia. Also presented the recipe "persimmon jam" without the use of white sugar.
Glycemic index of persimmon
When a person's sugar content in the blood exceeds the allowable rate, it is necessary to form a daily diet of products with low GI, which does not exceed 50 units. Food with average values, that is, up to 69 units may be present in the menu as an exception, not more than 150 grams twice a week. Food that has a high index value can increase the concentration of glucose in the blood by 4 mmol / l in just a few minutes after its consumption.
It should be borne in mind that the consistency of the product affects the increase in GI. If the fruit is brought to the state of mashed potatoes, its index will increase slightly, but only slightly. The persimmon index varies in average values and this means that during the normal course of the disease, it can be eaten several times a week. Of course, if the diet is not supplemented with other products with an average GI.
In the first type of diabetes, it is important to know how many bread units are contained in persimmon. This is required for the calculation of the injection of short or ultrashort insulin. Per day is permissible to use up to 2.5 XE.
In order to figure out whether it is possible to eat persimmon, all its indicators should be examined. Here they are:
- the glycemic index is 55 units;
- calorie per 100 grams of the product will be 67 kcal;
- the content of bread units per 100 grams is 1 XE;
- per 100 grams of sugar in persimmon reaches 16.8 grams.
From this it follows that persimmon increases blood sugar, which is why it is allowed in the diabetic diet as an exception.
The benefits of persimmon
Persimmon contains a large amount of beta-carotene - a natural antioxidant. It slows down the aging process of the skin, removes harmful substances and prevents the occurrence of malignant tumors. Also, beta-carotene improves visual acuity. In order to saturate the body with this substance, eat persimmon varieties "Sharon".
The cardiovascular system also improves persimmon, thanks to such a substance as monosaccharides. In addition, this substance lowers blood pressure.
If there is a persimmon of ripe varieties, then it is rich in vitamin C. Such a fruit should be necessary during the epidemics of ARVI and influenza, since vitamin C increases the body's resistance to bacteria and infections of various kinds.
Useful substances in persimmon:
- provitamin A;
- vitamin C;
Eating persimmon, recommended for people suffering from puffiness. There is even a popular method that helps remove excess fluid from the body: after eating two ripe fruits, they should be washed down with 250 milliliters of milk.
Iodine, which is part of persimmon, is vital for the normal functioning of the endocrine system, which "suffers" from diabetes. The presence of such a mineral as iron, will prevent the development of anemia.
Such a vast amount of beneficial vitamins and minerals that positively affect the entire body as a whole makes this fruit an indispensable food product, despite the fact that there is quite a lot of sugar in persimmon.
The persimmon jam is prepared on the same principle as any other jam. Its taste can be varied by adding a pinch of cinnamon or ground nutmeg in fruit puree. This dessert should be stored in a sterilized glass container, in a dark and cool place - a refrigerator or cellar.
The first recipe is quite simple, you will need one kilogram of persimmon, stoned and peeled. Next, the fruit is brought to a smooth consistency. Through a blender, grinder, or rubbed through a sieve.
Next, add half a kilogram of sugar, mix mashed potatoes and leave it to infuse for four hours. After that, place on a stove and simmer over low heat, stirring continuously until the mass thickens. Remove from heat, add three tablespoons of lemon juice, a pinch of ground nutmeg and one tablespoon of orange zest. Arrange the jam in pre-sterilized jars, store in the refrigerator.
There is a more complicated recipe for jam, which will delight even an inveterate gourmet with its extravagant taste. Preparing this sweetness on the same principle as the apple jam without sugar, characterized by its low calorie content.
The following ingredients are required:
- one kilogram of ripe persimmon;
- juice of one lemon and a tablespoon of zest;
- 100 milliliters of purified water;
- 5 grams of vanilla sugar;
- cinnamon stick;
- several stars of a badian;
- 20 peas pink pepper.
From the persimmon to remove the bones and peel and bring to a state of mashed potatoes. Take a saucepan or saucepan, pour water there, add half a kilo of brown sugar and all the spices that are listed in the recipe. Simmer over low heat until all the sugar has dissolved.
Next, add fruit puree, pour in vanilla sugar and pink peppercorns, bring the mixture to a boil and reduce the heat, because the jam can "escape". Simmer the dessert on low heat for 25 to 30 minutes. After letting the jam stand for another five minutes.
Pour the jam on sterilized glass containers, roll up the lids, turn over and allow to cool down by yourself. After clean in a dark and cool place.
Keep your sugar levels normal
Improperly selected foods can negatively affect blood sugar levels. To avoid this, it is necessary to choose food and drinks, based on the glycemic index. But this does not mean that they can be eaten in any quantity. The total daily caloric intake should not exceed 2600 kcal, with sufficient physical activity.
Few people know that physiotherapy itself is an excellent compensation for excess glucose in the body. It is recommended to conduct classes daily, preferably in the open air. Only need to choose moderate exercise.
So therapeutic exercise for diabetes may be the following:
- nordic walking;
In the video in this article you can learn about the benefits of persimmon.