Cholesterol is an important indicator of human health. The substance of organic nature is involved in the synthesis of essential hormones by the adrenal glands - estrogen, progesterone, aldosterone, testosterone, etc., as well as bile acids. Without this component, the normal functioning of the immune and central nervous system is impossible.
But for the normal functioning of the body and harmonious processes it requires a balance between LDL (low density cholesterol) and HDL (high density). When the growth of harmful cholesterol is detected, it increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, death from myocardial infarction or hemorrhagic stroke.
Cholesterol lowering methods are varied. If the test results showed a high concentration of LDL, first of all it is recommended to change your diet and exercise, because bad eating habits and physical inactivity are provoking factors.
They affect low-density lipoprotein levels and associated diseases - diabetes mellitus, abnormal liver function, adrenal hyperactivity, renal pathology, hormone system failure.
Normalize the indicator helps nutrition, physical activity, tinctures and decoctions based on medicinal herbs. If these measures have failed, proceed to drug therapy to help lower cholesterol.
Ways to lower cholesterol
In order to urgently lower LDL in the blood, it is necessary to influence the problem in a comprehensive manner. In the absence of risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, etc., the doctor first recommends non-drug methods of reducing exercise and diet.
Physical activity helps cleanse the blood of excess lipids from the products. When they can not linger in the blood vessels, then they have no chance to settle on the walls thereof. If there are no medical contraindications, patients are recommended to run.
It is this activity that contributes to the rapid burning of fat and LDL. Studies have shown that runners are 70% faster released from lipids in blood vessels than people who practice yoga or gymnastics.
To get rid of excess cholesterol, use the following methods:
- Refusal of bad habits and alcohol. Tobacco smoke appears to be the strongest carcinogen that disrupts blood circulation and worsens the condition of blood vessels. Vodka, brandy no less detrimental effect on the body, as everyone knows. Diabetics because of their illness, smoking and alcohol are contraindicated.
- Reception of vitamins to enhance immunity - vitamin D3, fish oil, omega-3, omega-6, nicotinic acid (only on the recommendation of the doctor).
- In a greater degree to reduce cholesterol levels helps proper nutrition. Foods that contain large amounts of cholesterol — beef, lard, lard, liver, pork and beef brains, etc. — are excluded from the menu. “Harmful” coffee is replaced with chicory, green tea. Butter olive or flaxseed.
- Drugs prescribed after laboratory tests. You need to take them all the time, even if the level of LDL in the blood has normalized.
- Folk methods. Use propolis, clover, sea buckthorn, hawthorn, rosehip, garlic, ginger, cinnamon. On the basis of the components prepare infusions and decoctions, take courses.
Well helps juice therapy - take carrot, apple, cucumber, celery juices. On the day, drink 100-150 ml. The course of treatment for at least two months.
For elderly diabetics, a daily 40-minute walk reduces the risk of death from heart attack / stroke by 45-55%. But during the walk, the pulse should increase by no more than 15 beats per minute from the usual amount.
Excessive activity not only worsens the patient's condition, but reduces the synthesis of beneficial HDL.
Drug Cholesterol Reduction
Cholesterol lowering drugs come in two groups - statins and fibrates. Statins are chemical components that reduce the synthesis of enzymes involved in the production of low-density lipoprotein. As a rule, medications are prescribed in cases where diet and sport have not given a therapeutic effect. But diabetics can be recommended even with a slight deviation of cholesterol from the norm.
Statistics indicate that statins help reduce total cholesterol by 35-40% of the initial level, while LDL decreases by 40-60%, and HDL slightly increases. Thanks to drugs, the probability of coronary complications is significantly reduced by 20%.
Some statins have the ability to influence glycemia, so they are the drugs of choice on the background of diabetes. Sometimes patients require an additional appointment of hypoglycemic agents to normalize glycemia. Diabetics while taking statins need constant monitoring of glucose and cholesterol levels.
Some patients are interested in the instructions of the drug "Novostatin". But this medication does not exist. It can be assumed that people are looking for Lovastatin, since the names are similar. As for the dosages, they are always determined individually. Begin with a minimum dose and gradually increase over 3-4 weeks.
Fibrates are drugs that appear to be a derivative of fibric acid. They tend to bind to bile acid, as a result of which the liver synthesizes fewer low-density lipoproteins. Their use helps to reduce OX by 25%, triglycerides are reduced by 45%, HDL increases by 10-35%.
Diabetics can recommend such fibrates:
- Exlip 200.
Both groups of drugs lead to the development of adverse reactions. Most often, diabetics complain of headaches, abdominal pain, increased gas formation, loose stools, mood swings, increased anxiety and irritability.
When prescribing treatment, a combination of statins and fibrates is often practiced to reduce the dose and adverse effects of statins.
To lower the level of LDL need to revise the diet. First of all, exclude junk food - semi-finished products, fast food, butter substitute, fat beef and pork, dairy products. The menu should be a lot of vegetables and fruits. Diabetics choose unsweetened species to control the glycemic profile.
Olive oil helps reduce cholesterol. A tablespoon contains 20 mg of phytosterols, which favorably affects the ratio of cholesterol in the blood. Can be added to ready-made meals, can not be fried in butter.
Bean and soy foods are recommended for diabetics. They contain a lot of soluble fiber of plant origin, protein substances. In terms of their composition, they can replace red meat, which has a detrimental effect on the condition of the heart and blood vessels.
Useful products with high LDL:
- White cabbage;
- Red fermented rice;
- Greens of any kind;
- Grape seed oil;
- Whole grains;
- Wheat germ;
- Wild salmon;
- Pine nuts;
- Sunflower seeds;
- Avocado, strawberries, blueberries, lingonberries.
Benefit brings chokeberry and cranberry - berries in diabetes contribute to lower blood sugar, while reducing cholesterol. You can make juice from fruits and berries, for example, bilberry-strawberry or cherry-pomegranate.
Garlic is a vegetable whose effect is compared to statins. It slows down the synthesis of LDL. But for a marked decrease in cholesterol, it is consumed for a long time.
Spice is not recommended if history of gastritis, gastrointestinal pathology, ulcerative lesions of the stomach, 12 duodenal ulcer.
Folk remedies for high cholesterol
At home you can make tincture or decoction, which give a healing effect. Productive recipe: grind 100 g of linden flowers in a coffee grinder. Mix 1 tsp. With 250 ml of water, insist five minutes, drink at one time. Frequency of use per day - three times.
Linden flowers tend to thin the blood, clean the blood vessels. They remove toxins and salts of heavy metals from the body, contribute to weight loss, which is necessary for type 2 diabetes.
Licorice root is an effective cholesterol lowering agent. Crushed rhizome powder. At 250 ml (cup) add a little more than a teaspoon of powder. Stew in a water bath for 10 minutes, insist in a sealed container for two hours. Take 70 ml three times a day, a course of treatment 3-4 weeks. After doing a 7-day break, repeat. In total, the treatment is three courses.
Propolis helps to clean the walls of blood vessels from atherosclerotic plaques. The cooking process looks like this:
- Grind five grams of bee product, pour 100 ml of vodka.
- Insist in a sealed container for 3 days.
- Filter out
- Take 7-10 drops three times a day.
- The course is three weeks.
If the patient has alcohol intolerance, then you can replace the vodka with water. Water tincture take 15 drops three times a day. Diabetics are allowed, as the prescription has a positive effect on glycemia.
Drug collection for removing cholesterol: 10 g of celandine and horsetail, 5 g of yarrow. Sleep 1 tsp. components in a thermos, pour 400 ml of water. Insist 3 hours, filter.
Take ½ cup 2 p. in a day. The course is 14 days, after a week the break is repeated.
Recipes to reduce LDL
Take 3 kg of lemons, wash and dry. Along with the peel mince. Also scroll 400 g of garlic. Mix components, insist three days. Take a teaspoon three times a day. The mixture is diluted in pure water. The course ends when the diabetic eats all the "medicine".
Reduce the level of LDL, triglycerides helps tincture on the basis of golden whiskers. For its preparation take a leaf of a plant - about 20 centimeters. Finely cut and pour 1000 ml of boiling water. Insist day.
Take a tablespoon to five times a day. The duration of the therapeutic course is three months. This recipe not only cleans blood vessels from cholesterol plaques, but also normalizes glucose in diabetes mellitus.
- Grind dried dandelion root. Three times a day, consume one teaspoon of powder. The course of treatment is 6 months. There are no contraindications;
- Ginger tea helps to lose weight and remove LDL, to reduce sugar. Root rubbed on a grater. Two tablespoons pour 800 ml of hot water, insist 30 minutes. Then add 50 ml of lemon juice to the drink. Drink in three doses;
- Grind celery roots, add water and bring to a boil over a fire. Boil two minutes. Remove the stems, sprinkle with dry sesame seeds, add a pinch of salt and olive oil. They eat several times a week. It is possible with diabetes, but not with hypertension;
- Folk remedy of hawthorn. 500 g of ripe berries are crushed, add to the mixture 500 ml of warm water. Heated in a water bath, but do not bring to a boil. Squeeze the juice. Drink a tablespoon before meals, three times a day. The course of treatment is not limited to the time frame.
Reviews diabetics say that lowering cholesterol helps tincture on the basis of blackberry leaf. To prepare you need 10 g of leaves and 250 ml of boiling water. Connect components, insist for 2-3 hours. Filter out Divide into several portions, drink during the day before meals. The course of treatment at least a month.
Folk treatment can provoke an allergic reaction. Before therapy it is necessary to be convinced of portability of components. During the treatment course it is necessary to do a blood test. With their help, you can monitor the effectiveness of the treatment, the dynamics of reducing LDL.
How to lower cholesterol will tell the expert in the video in this article.